Glossary

This glossary is here to help you understand some of the acronyms you may encounter on our website.

AJAX
Asynchronous JavaScript and XML is a collection of technologies that allow dynamic web applications to be built.
ASP
Active Server Pages. Microsoft's server side scripting technology for its web servers.
ATA
Advanced Technology Adaptor. This interface is now found in legacy equipment, and on some DVD/CDROM drives. It used to be the most common type of hard drive interface commonly used in workstations and entry level servers, but has been superseded by SATA.
Bit
A single BInary digiT (1 or 0).
Byte
A measure of memory equal to 8 binary digits (1s or 0s).
CGI
Common Gateway Interface. A common way for interfacing external data from a web client to a web server.
CPU
Central Processing Unit, the main processor in a server or PC.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. An Internet standard protocol for transferring file to remote servers.
GB
Gigabyte, a measure of memory (one binary digit × 8 × 1024 × 1024 × 1024).
GHZ
Gigahertz, a measure of processor speed (1 Hertz × 1000 × 1000).
Hot Swap
The ability to remove and replace a component while the server is still switched on.
HTML
HyperText Markup Language. The format most web pages and eForms are designed in.
HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. The transfer method used for all web pages on the Internet.
HTTPS
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure. The same transfer method as HTTP but over an encrypted port.
ICR
Intelligent Character Recognition. Applying context and voting algorithms to read handwritten text from images.
IDE
Integrated Drive Electronics. Another name for the ATA interface.
LAN
Local Area Network. A network the only spans one physical site, usually without any routing.
LDAP
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. A standard way of accessing user directory systems such as Windows Active Directory.
MB
Megabyte, a measure of memory (one binary digit × 8 × 1024 × 1024).
MB/s
Megabit per second, a measure of data transfer speed (1Mb/s = 128KB per second).
MSDE
Microsoft Database Engine, the free small scale, distributable version of SQL Server.
OCR
Optical Character Recognition. Reading machine print text from an image.
OMR
Optical Mark Recognition. Reading the presence of marks and tick box style responses from an image.
PDF
Portable Document Format. Open standard format for documents and online forms. Most commonly associated with Adobe's Acrobat products.
RAID
Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks. This provides a way of grouping two or more disks in varying configurations to provide tolerance should any one of the drives fail.
RAM
Random Access Memory, the main working memory of a server or PC.
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI, currently the fastest way of connecting industry hard drives to servers.
SATA
Serial ATA. A high performance, hot swappable drive interface now common on workstations and low end servers.
SCSI
Small Computer Systems Interface. A very high performance interface usually used in high end servers.
SQL
Microsoft's database. Also stands for Sequel, a common database programming language.
SSL
Secure Sockets Layer. Cryptographic protocol which provides secure communications across the Internet, commonly used for most on-line banking and shopping.
TIFF
Tagged Images File Format. A common image format created primarily for faxing but also best suited to storing monochrome images.
UNC
Universal Naming Convention. The method used on Microsoft based networks for accessing storage areas on local servers.
VOIP
Voice Over Internet Protocol. The technology used to modulate voice phone calls in to packet data for transmission over the Internet.
WAN
Wide Area Network. A network that spans two or more sites, such as the Internet.

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